Nathan Kazmierski, CPA

steven matos toronto cpa

Nathan Kazmierski, CPA

Tax & Assurance Partner

Nathan is a Chartered Professional Accountant (CPA) who has extensive experience in public accounting and taxation. His years of experience working with previous companies like Grant Thornton LLP and Deloitte LLP have only served to further validate his extensive knowledge and expertise in corporate taxes. Over the course of his career, his professional work has included auditing and tax planning for large multinational corporations, real estate and construction industries, not-for-profit organizations and small owner-managed businesses.

Nathan graduated with honours from the University of Western Ontario with a Bachelor's in Management and Organizational Studies, specializing in accounting and finance. From there, Nathan completed his Master's in Professional Accountancy at McMaster University and subsequently earned his CPA designation to become a practicing public accountant. Nathan is also actively enrolled in CPA Canada’s In-Depth Tax Program.

Nathan began his professional career working at Grant Thornton LLP, helping small and medium-sized businesses and not-for-profits solve accounting and taxation issues. During this time, Nathan was able to prepare and review hundreds of personal Canadian tax returns, creating a solid understanding of personal tax planning. In his most recent position, Nathan was a Senior Accountant at Deloitte LLP where he led large-scale audits of multinational corporations and also acted as a mentor to the firm's junior staff providing guidance and support on complex accounting issues. In addition, Nathan was able to build a strong foundation of communication and interpersonal skills with clients, often being the primary point of contact between the firm and key executives and directors of various corporations Deloitte engaged with. That role gave Nathan the experience he needed to eventually move on from Deloitte and begin to manage the Canadian assurance and tax practice of Edmonds Professional Corporation. We now welcome Nathan as a Partner at our firm, who leads the Canadian Assurance and tax practice.

In his role at GTA Accounting, Nathan leads our Canadian cross-border corporate and personal tax planning and preparation, utilizing unique tax planning strategies to offer clients the most optimal tax situation. In addition, Nathan is the primary point of contact for all of our assurance engagements which include audit and review engagements, bringing several years of experience working on companies of all sizes, spanning various industries in the public and private sector including not-for-profit, real estate and construction and owner managed businesses. Lastly, Nathan also provides customers with consultation meetings to learn more about their tax situation and communicate the different types of services GTA Accounting offers in order to assist them with all of their accounting and tax-related matters. Nathan exercises professionalism and an open mind to all his clients in order to help them make sense of their tax and accounting situations and create ways to save their hard-earned money.

In his free time, Nathan enjoys being physically active through sports and working out, learning new cooking recipes, and travelling and is also a huge Toronto sports fan.

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The Pros and Cons of Internal vs. External Auditing

The Pros and Cons of Internal vs. External Auditing

When it comes to understanding the importance of audits, business owners have two different approaches: internal and external. The decision can be tricky – and no doubt many do not know which audit will offer the best outcome for their business's finances. Navigating the pros and cons is essential to make an informed choice for your corporate finances. Let's make sure your fiscal well-being is turned up to 11! To ensure you've covered all your company's bases, today we're embarking on a journey of exploring when each process generally seen might work best.

Defining Internal and External Auditing

Regarding inspecting an organization's monetary records, two terms are frequently utilized reciprocally: internal and external auditing. While both are necessary for maintaining financial integrity, their objectives and methods are distinct. The purpose of internal auditing, carried out by company employees, is to evaluate the efficiency of the procedures for risk management and internal controls.

In contrast, external auditing evaluates the company's financial statements by accounting standards and regulations. It is carried out by an independent third-party auditor hired by the company. While the two methodologies are fundamental, the outer reviewer's autonomy gives more believability to the fiscal summaries, making it essential for most public corporations. Companies can design an audit system tailored to their needs if they have a solid understanding of these various approaches.

The Benefits of Internal Auditing

An essential part of any business's operations is internal auditing. Organizations can help identify potential risks and areas for improvement by conducting regular internal audits, ensuring that business operations run smoothly and efficiently. By assessing interior controls, bookkeeping rehearses, and other critical inward cycles, inside evaluators, can give essential knowledge and suggestions, assisting associations with moderating gambling, decreasing costs and working on general execution.

With the rising intricacy of current strategic approaches, it is a higher priority than any time in recent memory to lead standard inward reviews, giving the virtual devices and bits of knowledge for organizations to remain ahead in a consistently evolving scene. Eventually, inner evaluating is a proactive measure that can assist associations with really overseeing risk and keeping an upper hand.

The Drawbacks of Internal Auditing

An essential part of a company's financial management system is internal auditing. In any case, there exist specific downsides related to this cycle. One such test is the gamble of predisposition and absence of objectivity, which is predominant when an interior reviewer directs surveys of their own specialization or group. False reports, missed errors, and incorrect conclusions may result from this. In addition, internal auditors sometimes need help to focus on their work, which prevents them from providing comprehensive insights into the business's financial health.

Another cause for concern is the possibility that internal auditors need to possess the specialized knowledge required for particular aspects of audits, which increases their error rate. Notwithstanding these difficulties, the significance of inner examining couldn't be more significant, and organizations ought to attempt to upgrade the cycle by giving extra preparation and backing to their groups and guaranteeing appropriately balanced governance is set up.

The Advantages of External Auditing

External Auditing is a cycle done by an outsider to survey an organization's budget reports for precision and consistency with legitimate and administrative norms. Companies can benefit from external auditing for several reasons. One significant advantage is that a company's financial statements are evaluated objectively by external auditors. Outer examiners are free and have a new point of view that can assist with recognizing mistakes or irregularities in monetary revealing.

External auditing is a crucial procedure that has the potential to provide companies and their stakeholders with beneficial insights and benefits. External auditing can also enhance its credibility and reputation by demonstrating a company's transparency and accountability in its financial reporting. Additionally, external auditing can assist businesses in determining areas in which they can enhance their financial procedures and systems, thereby increasing profitability and efficiency.

The Disadvantages of External Auditing

External auditing is essential for businesses to ensure financial accountability and regulatory compliance. However, there are some drawbacks to it. The expense of employing an external auditor is one potential danger of external auditing. Little and medium-sized organizations might find it challenging to legitimize the cost of an external review, which can put them in a problematic situation contrasted with more prominent organizations. Additionally, a company's internal procedures and context may be less well-known to external auditors, resulting in misunderstandings and inaccurate assessments.

Last but not least, it may be challenging for external auditors to provide an objective evaluation due to the possibility of conflicts of interest that could jeopardize their independence and objectivity. External auditing remains an essential tool for businesses to ensure financial transparency and compliance, despite the potential risks.

Choosing Between Internal and External Auditing

Choosing between internal and external auditing when it comes to safeguarding your company's financial health can be challenging. Both methods have advantages and disadvantages, but the final decision will be based on your company's requirements and circumstances. A reputable accounting firm can make a significant difference in this area. You can benefit from their insider knowledge and impartial perspective by hiring a company with extensive experience and expertise to make the best decision for your business.

In addition to giving an essential direction on which approach is best, they can likewise guarantee that the evaluating system is exhaustive, precise, and fair. Working with a professional accounting firm will give you the peace of mind to concentrate on growing your business, regardless of whether you choose internal or external auditing.

Final Words

Ultimately, organizations must carefully consider the details behind internal and external auditing before selecting one. Internal auditors provide extensive knowledge and convenience, while external auditors bring unbiased expertise and a unique perspective. Both have their advantages and drawbacks, as do any type of business process. Clarity is essential regarding which direction to take when choosing an audit. Analyzing resources, needs, costs, and decisions based on research will assist in making the most informed decision possible. If you need assistance understanding internal or external auditing, please contact us for more information! We would love to assist you in helping you make your best audit choice wisely.

Understanding the Auditing Process for Small Businesses in Toronto

Understanding the Auditing Process for Small Businesses in Toronto

Are you an entrepreneur with financial records to secure and internal systems to control? Learn how! Are you proactively making sure your accounting information is compliant? Well, the auditing process provides a roadmap for achieving these goals.

Audits shouldn't be overwhelming – they are quite beneficial for small businesses. In this article, we'll clear up misconceptions about auditing processes by explaining why it’s vital for small business owners, who should be included during this procedure and answer common questions associated with audits. This way, you can make sure that your business is protected and able to grow even further.

What is Auditing, and Why is it Important for Small Businesses

Small businesses rely heavily on auditing to ensure their accurate and trustworthy financial statements. This involves comparing records and documents to relevant accounting standards and laws in a comprehensive review. Small businesses can find operational flaws, financial risks, and potential fraud through auditing. Moreover, it gives significant experiences into the organization's monetary presentation and features regions where upgrades can be made.

With the assistance of reviewers, independent companies can moderate monetary and lawful dangers while expanding straightforwardness and trust for partners. Ultimately, auditing is crucial for small businesses' long-term success and for maintaining a solid reputation in today's competitive business environment.

Identifying the Right Auditor for Your Business

Selecting the appropriate auditor from an accounting firm in Toronto is one of the essential choices a small business owner must make. This is crucial to guarantee the company's long-term viability and expansion. A competent auditor can provide insight into the company's financial health and assist the business owner in avoiding pitfalls.

Choosing the right auditor can significantly impact a small business's success and prosperity if done thoroughly. The reviewer's job stretches out past auditing fiscal reports; They offer suggestions that might assist the organization in improving its financial performance. Before making a final decision, business owners should look into the auditor's credentials, experience, and reputation.

Understanding the Different Types of Audits

Understanding the various kinds of audits is vital to any business strategy. Each type of audit, from financial to operational audits, evaluates an organization's internal controls and procedures in a specific way. Monetary reviews guarantee the precision of budget reports and consistency with regulations and guidelines. Functional reviews center around functional proficiency and viability, while consistency reviews evaluate adherence to explicit policies or industry norms.

Conversely, internal reviews assess the adequacy and effectiveness of the association's inside controls and hazard the executives rehearse. For businesses to effectively optimize their operations and mitigate risks, it is essential to comprehend the various types of audits and their objectives.

Preparing Your Business for an Audit

As an entrepreneur, planning for a review can be overwhelming. However, it is a necessary step to guarantee your business's accuracy and financial health. An audit can be a stress-free and smooth process with proper preparation, allowing you to keep your customers' and stakeholders' confidence. A fruitful review requires an association, tender loving care, and correspondence with your evaluator. Gather the necessary documents, such as receipts, invoices, and financial statements, before the audit. Make sure that all of the information in these materials is correct and up to date by reviewing them critically. It is essential to communicate with your auditor; ensure that you provide any necessary information and respond to any questions they may have.

The Auditing Process - What to Expect

Although the auditing procedure is essential in ensuring that financial statements are accurate and transparent, it may initially appear intimidating. A team of trained professionals will carefully examine all financial records and transactions during an audit to find any errors or discrepancies. They will likewise survey inward control systems to evaluate their viability.

Even though the procedure can be time-consuming and strenuous, it provides valuable insights into a company's financial health and aids in the prevention of financial mismanagement and fraud. Businesses can better prepare for an audit and meet all necessary legal and regulatory requirements if they know what to expect during the process.

Reviewing Audit Results and Taking Action

Reviewing audit results is an important step you can take as a business owner or manager to make sure your company is successful and stable. Audits can provide valuable insights into your company's strengths and weaknesses, areas for improvement and potential risks when carried out correctly. It is vital to take action based on the findings of an audit. Implementing new policies and procedures, providing additional employee training, or altering your financial reporting procedures are all examples of action items. Making a brief and conclusive move can assist your business with exploring possible obstacles and, at last, keep up with its situation as a forerunner in its industry.

Final Words

Auditing is an essential process that provides insights and guidance for businesses of all sizes. If you want to maximize the potential of your small business, it’s critical to understand the auditing process and ensure that you are encompassing all aspects of your operations. We have years of experience working with small businesses on their auditing process, ensuring that they can secure every possible advantage during their operations. So don't hesitate to contact us today for further information and join the countless successful small businesses leveraging the power of an accurate audit!

What are Year End Audits and How Can An Accounting and Audit Firm Help You

What are Year End Audits and How Can An Accounting and Audit Firm Help You

Look no further than the year's final quarter for clues about what’s ahead. The big financial or regulatory releases usually have an end date, but there's an even bigger reveal at the last minute in many cases.

And that's where Year End Audits come in. A particular type of audit focusing on the end of the fiscal year rather than its beginning helps you get a better sense of what's coming next. It identifies potential shortfalls and potential issues with a company’s long-term financial plan and recommends how to fix them. While it won’t resolve every problem, an accounting and audit firm can help you identify them and outline ways to improve your company’s long-term performance.

If you're a business owner, you must know about year-end audits and what they involve. Here, we'll discuss what an audit is, why you might need one, and how an accounting and audit firm can help you. Keep reading to learn more!

What Is a Year-End Audit

A year-end audit is a financial review of businesses that analyzes their books, records, and accounts in-depth. It is conducted to provide stakeholders with a better understanding of the company’s financial performance for the past year. The audit services in Toronto process involve assessing internal controls, inventory tracking, cash management, and other economic areas. A qualified auditor can help ensure accuracy when producing assessment reports based on current laws and standards.

These reports support any decisions related to income tax preparation and ensure that companies comply with national accounting regulations. With an accurate review at the end of each fiscal year, organizations can know their finances were professionally examined.

How is a Year-End Audit Conducted

Year-end audits provide organizations with an in-depth review of their finances and operations. Professional auditors are used to methodically examine financial records and make sure they comply with accepted accounting standards, regulatory laws, and internal policies. To conduct the audit, the auditors will review budget forecasts, invoices, payroll registers, balance sheets, ledgers and cash flow statements.

A comprehensive year-end audit is essential for any organization that wants quality assurance that their finances are accurate and maximize efficiency in their operations. In addition to reviewing these documents, auditors may also conduct interviews with key personnel to verify information or fill any gaps that the paper trail left behind. By the end of the process, organizations will gain a clearer insight into their finances and be provided with suggestions or recommendations for operations improvement from the auditor.

Benefits of Having a Year-End Audit Performed

A year-end audit brings countless benefits to businesses, both large and small. It verifies the accuracy and reliability of your company's financial statements by examining its assets, liabilities, equity, income and expense records. Beyond assuring stakeholders that finances are being handled trustworthy, an audit can identify previously undetected errors and misstatements in financial information or missing assets.

As such, it enables companies to make strategic corrective actions to govern their financial records for the coming year. Ultimately, investing in a professional audit yields dividends as it improves the accuracy of financial accounts and helps uncover potential areas of improvement to ensure long-term stability.

How An Accounting and Audit Firm Can Help You With Your Year-End Audit

At year-end, businesses face the task of organizing and evaluating data to ensure all activities are compliant with reporting standards. An accounting and audit firm can help you with their accounting services in Toronto, helping you navigate this process by offering comprehensive services tailored to your requirements. The audit team will provide experienced and professional analysis of operations and internal controls, perform audits against fiscal policies and procedures, enhance financial statements and much more - helping you save time as you approach the end of your fiscal period.

Working with a knowledgeable accounting team means you can feel confident in the accuracy of your reporting, ensuring that all applicable laws are followed without fail. With the help of an audit firm, you can rest assured knowing that the details relevant to your business’s success are managed accurately for the upcoming fiscal year.

Questions to Ask When Choosing An Accounting and Audit Firm

When choosing the proper accounting and audit firm, it is important to ask several key questions to make the most informed decision.

  1. First, inquire about the experience of the certified public accountant(s) on staff; you want an accountant familiar with laws and regulations related to your business and best practices for the accuracy of financial documents.
  2. Additionally, find out about their rates - including any potential hidden costs or fees - and how payment terms are structured. Be sure to ask what services are included in their package, such as direct advice from the staff or access to software and systems needed for accurate reporting.
  3. Finally, ensure that the accounting and audit firm will follow up on your business needs; do not settle for a one-time solution.

By asking these questions before committing, you can rest assured that your financial information is in good hands.

Final Words

Year-end audits are essential for businesses to ensure accuracy in their financial statements and tax returns. A qualified accounting and audit firm can help your business with year-end audits and other bookkeeping and accounting needs. So what are you waiting for? Step up your business today!

CRA Reviews and Audits: What to Expect

CRA Reviews and Audits: What to Expect

If you are a business owner, one of the things you have to worry about is the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). The CRA can review your tax returns at any time, and if they find something wrong, they can audit your business. In this article, we will discuss what happens when the CRA reviews and audits your tax returns. We will also discuss how you can prepare for a review or an audit by the CRA.

What is the CRA Looking For?

When the CRA reviews your tax return, they are looking to see if you have reported all of your income and expenses correctly. The CRA will also look at your accounting records to make sure that everything matches up with your tax return. If the CRA finds something that is not correct, they will send you a notice telling you what needs to be corrected. You will then have to fix the problem and resubmit your tax return.

What Does the CRA Do When They Select Your Tax Returns for Review/Audit?

If the CRA decides to audit your business, they will look at your accounting records in more detail. They may also ask for additional documentation, such as receipts or invoices. The audit can take several months to complete. And you may have to pay penalties if the CRA finds that you owe them money.

How Can You Prepare for a CRA Review or Audit?

There are a few things you can do to prepare for a CRA review or audit. First, make sure that you keep good records of all your income and expenses. This will make it easier for you to prove that you have reported everything correctly to the CRA. Second, if you are selected for an audit, don't panic! If you have done nothing wrong, there is nothing to worry about. Just cooperate with the CRA and provide them with the documentation they need. If you are selected for a CRA review or audit, the best thing to do is cooperate with the agency and provide them with any documentation they need. If you have kept good records and reported everything correctly, you should have nothing to worry about. However, if the CRA does find something wrong, you may have to pay penalties. If you have any questions about the CRA or your tax return, it is best to speak with an accounting or tax professional.

How Can GTA Accounting Help?

We can help you prepare for a CRA review or audit at our accounting firm. We will review your accounting records and make sure that everything is in order. And we can also help you gather the documentation the CRA will need if they decide to audit your business. We can also help you prepare and file your tax returns on time and accurately. We understand the tax laws and regulations, and we can help you take advantage of all the deductions and credits you are entitled to. Contact us today to see how we can help you with your accounting and tax needs!

How Does CRA Select Taxpayers to Audit?

How Does CRA Select Taxpayers to Audit?

How does CRA select taxpayers to audit? There may be no apparent reason for the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to audit a business or individual. A CRA audit can generally only be conducted four years after someone files their tax return. However, some cases, like those involving suspected fraud or misrepresentation, can go even farther back in time, provided the reassessment is not time-limited. You should generally keep records for at least six or seven years.The purpose of most audits is to determine whether the taxpayer paid enough taxes. The CRA's Criminal Investigations Program (CIP) may conduct a criminal investigation if the CRA suspects a taxpayer of fraud or wilfully tries to evade paying taxes.

How often does CRA audit taxpayers?

For example, CRA may review and reassess your tax return if there is an inconsistency in your reporting. During an audit, the amount of income, deductions, and credits reported on a return are reviewed to ensure they are reported correctly. If the CRA discovers a discrepancy or mistake, they may ask for further information.The audit process examines more than just one year's worth of an individual's tax return. CRA can conduct audits based on a variety of factors, including:

  • The frequency or likelihood of tax return errors
  • Noncompliance with taxes owed
  • Contrary to other audits or investigations or similar files
  • A government investigation or an outside source finding non-compliance

Additionally, CRA may:

  • Organize an audit of a group of businesses or individuals to enhance compliance within the group
  • Audit someone who is financially connected to someone already being audited, such as business partners

Is CRA involved in criminal investigations?

Criminal investigations are typically launched by the CRA after receiving information from multiple sources, including:

  • CRA referrals, including referrals from previous audits;
  • Informant leads provided to the CRA by individuals;
  • Law enforcement data from a variety of agencies;
  • Sources of public information, such as the media

Investigation types

Investigations by the CRA are most likely to involve the following:

  • International cases of significant tax evasion
  • Organizers of sophisticated tax schemes that defraud the government
  • Investigate tax evasion cases involving money laundering and terrorist financing in collaboration with other enforcement agencies.
  • A significant amount of income tax or GST/HST evasion


A tax investigation involves gathering and analyzing evidence, executing search warrants, and interviewing taxpayers and witnesses. To review the evidence and assist CRA in laying criminal charges, CRA submits a report to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada. Complex cases of this type can take years to resolve. In addition to paying back taxes owed, plus interest, individuals convicted of tax evasion can also face fines and incarceration. Visit the Canada Revenue Agency for more information about investigations conducted by the Canada Revenue Agency. Please contact our advisory services for assistance with tax planning, a CRA tax dispute, or other tax issues. Our tax accountants can assist with tax-related issues. If you need general information, please contact us, and we will be happy to assist you.